Advisory Service on Fruit Plant Nutrition to Fruit Growers of Himachal Pradesh
Department of Horticulture Himachal Pradesh is implementing a scheme
“Advisory Service on Fruit Plant Nutrition to Fruit Growers of Himachal
Pradesh", since 1974. The scheme is based on Tissue/Leaf Analysis
Technique under which leaf/plant tissues samples from the orchards of
the farmers are collected at specific time adopting set methodology. The
samples are then processed and chemically analyzed to ascertain the
status of various Macro and Micronutrients in the orchard. The results
are then compared with established standard values or sufficiency norms
and there after balanced and judicious doses of various nutrients/
chemical fertilizers are worked out and recommended to the concerned
farmer. The farmers are advised to adopt the fertilizer recommendations
made on the basis of leaf/tissue analysis technique. Thus the farmers
obtain higher yields of good quality fruits for longer period from their
orchards at low cost of production
The main thrust areas of this scheme
- To assess the nutritional status of commercially important fruit crops through leaf analysis technique.
- To formulate and stabilize fertilizers schedules of fruit crops.
- To provide advisory services on fruit plant nutrition to fruit growers of the state.
To establish new fruit plant nutrition laboratories equipped with
latest and advance equipments for leaf analysis, in different areas of
At present three fruit plant nutrition laboratories are working in
the state. These laboratories have been established at following
- Fruit Plant Nutrition Laboratory Shimla at Naubahar.
- Fruit Plant Nutrition Laboratory Dharamshala, District Kangra
- Fruit Plant Nutrition Laboratory Kullu at Bajaura.
In order to provide leaf analysis service to the farmers of Tribal
areas of the state the department of horticulture has established two
leaf sample Drying cum Grinding units. These units are located at Recong
Peo in District Kinnaur and Bharmour in District Chamba.
ANALYSIS FACILITIES AVAILABLE
- A Fruit Plant Nutrition Laboratories are well equipped to
analyze leaf samples for Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium,
Magnesium, Iron, Manganese, Copper and Zinc.
- B Drying cum
Grinding Units have the facilities for receiving and processing of leaf
samples for analysis. Analysis of the processed samples is carried out
in the Fruit plant Nutrition Laboratories.